Temporary Recommendations to Reduce International Spread of Poliovirus
On 5 May 2014, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the international spread of wild poliovirus (WPV) a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). The declaration followed advice given by an Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (IHR) that was convened to assess whether the international spread of polio in 2014 during what is normally the ‘low’ season for poliovirus transmission is a PHEIC. With the ‘high’ season for poliovirus transmission stretching from May to November/December, a coordinated international effort is needed to address this extraordinary event. The Director-General has made a number of Temporary Recommendations to address the PHEIC.
|Cameroon||Countries which are currently exporting wild poliovirus should ensure that all residents and long-term visitors (of over 4 weeks) receive a dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV) or inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) between 4 weeks and 12 months before international travel; and should ensure that such travellers are provided with proof of vaccination.|
|Other Polio-affected Countries*||Recommendations|
|Afganistan||Other polio-affected countries are encouraged to vaccinate residents and long-term visitors before international travel.|
While there are no specific IHR Temporary Recommendations for travellers from polio free countries, those travelling to polio-affected countries are advised to consult International Travel and Health.