Partners & Donors
The Pakistan Polio Eradication Initiative is a public-private partnership led by The Government of Pakistan and spearheaded by the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Its goal is to eradicate polio in Pakistan.
Prime Minister's Polio Monitoring & Coordination Cell
The PM Monitoring & Coordination Cell was established in March 2011 and is housed at the Prime Minister's Secretariat. Its main functions are:
a) To liaise on a regular basis with the Provincial Monitoring Cells, Provincial health departments, National and Provincial EPI teams, Chief Secretaries office, DCOs, EDOs Health and other relevant departments and organizations to regularly monitor the progress of the Polio Eradication Initiative and provide feedback to the Prime Minister.
b) To facilitate and ensure the establishing of Polio Monitoring Cells at the Provincial level in line with announcement made by the Prime Minister on 14th January, 2011.
c) To provide guidance, technical input and situation analysis to the National Task Force on Polio Eradication led by the Prime Minister.
As per its mandate, the Cell in collaboration with partner agencies has been providing guidelines and strategies on different issues to the provinces for implementation of polio eradication activities. The PM Cell in collaboration with the provinces and partner agencies holds review meetings in the provincial capitals to review the performance of the provincial and district governments against the implementation and indicators set in the NEAP.
The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was launched in 1978 in Pakistan with an aim of protecting children by immunizing them against Childhood Tuberculosis, Poliomyelitis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Measles, Tetanus.
The program also vaccinates pregnant women with Tetanus Toxoid vaccine to protect the new born from neonatal tetanus. Over the years with support from the Government of Pakistan and development partners EPI included two more important vaccines, H epatitis B and Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type B) in its childhood immunization schedule.
Islamic Development Bank
The Islamic Development Bank is an international financial institution established in pursuance of the Declaration of Intent issued by the Conference of Finance Ministers of Muslim Countries held in Jeddah in December 1973. The Inaugural Meeting of the Board of Governors took place in July 1975, and the Bank was formally opened on 20 October 1975.
The purpose of the Bank is to foster the economic development and social progress of member countries and Muslim communities individually as well as jointly in accordance with the principles of Shari'ah i.e., Islamic Law.
The IDB has pledged support for polio eradication in Pakistan with a US$227 million loan that will allow the country to run eradication programs through 2015. The IDB also intends on financing similar projects in Afghanistan.
Rotary International is the world's first and largest humanitarian service organization with a global network of 1.2 million members in more than 170 countries. Through its PolioPlus programme, established in 1985, Rotary was the first to have the vision of a polio-free world.
More than one million Rotary members have volunteered their time and personal resources to polio eradication. Rotary members also provide valuable field support during National Immunization Days through social mobilization and by administering the oral polio vaccine to children.
Rotary is the main private sector donor to polio eradication, and will have contributed more than US$ 1.2 billion by 2013.
In November 2007, Rotary International entered in a unique partnership with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to inject a further US$ 555 million into the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
World Health Organization (WHO)
WHO coordinates the major strategic planning, management and administration processes of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. WHO is responsible for the systematic collection, collation and dissemination of standardized information on strategy implementation and impact, particularly in the areas of surveillance and supplementary immunization activities.
WHO also coordinates operational and basic research, provides technical and operational support to ministries of health, and coordinates training and deployment of human resources for supplementary technical assistance.
In addition, WHO has a lead role in establishing certification-standard surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), resource mobilization, donor coordination, advocacy and communications. WHO serves as secretariat to the certification process and facilitates implementation and monitoring of biocontainment activities.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF procures and distributes polio vaccines for routine and supplementary immunizations. With WHO, UNICEF supports countries in the implementation of intensified National Immunization Days (NIDs) and Sub-national Immunization Days (SNIDs), as well as mop-up campaigns in countries.
UNICEF helps country programmes develop communication strategies that are vital to local acceptance of the vaccine. UNICEF also helps country programmes develop action plans and secure logistics to access hard-to-reach places, including in countries affected by conflict.
UNICEF contributes to the development of eradication policies, plans of action, training materials and public information, and is an active partner in advocacy and resource mobilization.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Polio eradication is a top priority of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. As a major supporter of the GPEI, it contributes technical and financial resources to GPEI partners to accelerate efforts to eradicate polio.
The Foundation is also working with partners on innovative ways to enhance polio surveillance and outbreak response, accelerate the development and use of safer and more effective polio vaccines, and galvanize financial and political support for polio eradication efforts from both donor and polio-affected countries.